"decadalYYYY" are an experiment family of the CMIP5 - Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 ( https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/mips/cmip5 ). CMIP5 is meant to provide a framework for coordinated climate change experiments for the next five years and thus includes simulations for assessment in the IPCC AR5. This subset of the CMIP5 decadal data were collected by ETH Zurich until 15th March 2013 in support of IPCC AR5 Working Group 1 ( http://wiki.c2sm.ethz.ch/COSMO/CMIP5 ). These data are part of the IPCC-DDC AR5.
decadal (decadal hindcast/forecast utilizing alternative initializations.) - Decadal hindcast/prediction. Comparison of initialization strategies - for example, a repeat of experiment 1.1 using an alternate initialization strategy or alternate initial data. Individual decadal experiments are named decadalYYYY with starting year YYYY.
Experiment design: https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/mips/cmip5/experiment_design.html
List of output variables: https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/mips/cmip5/datadescription.html
Output: time series per variable in model grid spatial resolution in netCDF format
Earth System model and the simulation information: CIM repository
Data are structured and entry names are set according to the ETH Zurich Archive layout: "experiment/MIP table/variable/model/ensemble member/CMOR filename.nc" (e.g.: decadal2005/Amon/tas/GFDL-CM2p1/r1i1p1/tas_Amon_GFDL-CM2p1_decadal2005_r1i1p1_200501-201412.nc )