SYNOP

Abstract:
Report of surface observation from a fixed land station is referred to as SYNOP. SYNOP is a numerical code (FM-12-XII) used for reporting weather observations made by manned and automated weather stations. SYNOP reports are typically sent every six hours. Report of surface observation from a mobile land station is referred to as SYNOP MOBIL. SYNOP MOBIL is a numerical code (FM-14-XII) used for reporting weather observations made by a mobile land station. Both reports consist of groups of numbers (and slashes where data is not available) describing general weather information.

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General

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    • title:
      • SYNOP
    • dates:
      • creation: 1920
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      • Station type
      • Height of cloud base of lowest cloud base
      • Visibility
      • Total cloud cover
      • Wind direction
      • Wind speed
      • Temperature
      • Dewpoint
      • Station pressure
      • Sea level pressure
      • Pressure tendency
      • Precipitation amount
      • Duration over which precipitation amount
      • measured
      • Present and past weather
      • Amount of low clouds covering sky (if no low clouds
      • the amount of the middle clouds)
      • Low
      • middle and high cloud types
      • Maximum temperature over previous 24 hours
      • Minimum temperature over previous 24 hours
      • Snow depth
      • State of ground with snow cover
      • Net (Solar) Radiation
      • Global (Solar) Radiation
      • Diffused Solar Radiation
      • Long-wave Radiation
      • Short-wave Radiation
      • Net Short-wave Radiation
      • Direct Solar Radiation
      • birght sunshine
      • time of precipitation
      • national practice
      • water equivalent
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